Hegemonic Masculinity and the Fag Discourse
Running head: HEGEMONIC MASCULINITY AND FAG DISCOURSE 1
HEGEMONIC MASCULINITY AND FAG DISCOURSE 2
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Hegemonic Masculinity and Fag Discourse
Institution of Learning
There are various forms of hegemonic masculinities as described by a number of lectures. Complicit masculinities are one of them. They refer to men who acquire the advantage of patriarchy without enhancing the exact kind of hegemonic masculinity. Another form is marginalized masculinities that refer to those undermined on the basis of skin colour and financial backgrounds.
Moreover, there are subordinated masculinities whereby the masculine activities are termed as weak and are mostly related to the feminine world. They are not actually properly described and a major form of this is homosexual. It states that, for one to become a decent man, one has to be heterosexual. This leads to men putting themselves away from homosexuality by means of homophobic manner. Demetriou states that there is external and internal hegemony, whereby external hegemony is the underestimation of women by men while internal hegemony is the underestimation by some groups of men (8). This paper will delve on providing adequate information on Hegemonic Masculinity. To accomplish task, this study will use the concept of Goffman in order to provide comprehensive and credible information on Hegemonic Masculinity. In addition this paper will use the work of Pascoe's Dude to explain the meaning of Fag discourse, as well as precise understanding of Hegemonic Masculinity.
Hegemonic masculinity is a social type of masculinity and it is highly recognized among the western communities (Laurel, 1997). Various practices ought not to correspond to the true basic of the men. A small number of men can survive to the idyllic although it is not natural. Hegemonic masculinity does not cover a specific type of men but how men put themselves in the process of togetherness.
It is also created in response to women and other kinds of masculinities and requires the control of other men, and must also be properly governed, since it is insecure. Hegemonic masculinity is vice versa and it does not always refer to civilizing supremacy (Gilmore, 1990). It may also refer to those types of feminity that are undermined and mostly debated upon. It is directed to achieving the values and needs of men and it is basically practised for their sake. Connell argues that masculinities are the models of rehearsals that are achieved in social activity and can therefore be different in respect to gender base in a certain make (12).
Fag is used to identify how boys come up with their references personally, and how they behave in general among their allies and peer members. Fag is also used to view how the learning institution leads to the creation of gender sensitiveness on its own. Dude generally describes fag as various aspects of sexuality, masculinity, social rank, race, bodies and institutional activities that represent pubescent masculinity in a given situation (Pascoe, 2011).
More often than not, fag is always a fluid identity for members in a societal setting, primarily members affiliated to the masculine nature, who have a tendency to exhibit feminine characteristics. In addition, fag is more associated with homosexuality. Fag discourse is the process by which absolute facts of adolescent masculinity are collectively reviewed. It refers to bodies that are strong and obviously not feminine in nature. Ethnic connotations of white over black hegemonic are underestimated and finally heterosexual. It looks into why learning institutions are complex and competitive for youngster sexuality (Gilmore, 1990). Therefore, fag discourse firms the continued existence of fag in various society settings. With reference to this, men or rather boys in settings where there is a huge stratification based on feminity and masculinity tend to engage in physical and sometimes aggressive acts and behaviours dreadfully just to show off to their mates of their masculinity (Pascoe, 2011).
It also defines how various individuals in a given society are generally differentiated or put apart from the rest, due to various distinguishing characteristics. A learning institution habitually tries to hit upon certain ways of coping with fag discourse. It comes up with various methods teaching the learners and enabling them to handle the fag discourse. It also looks into how fag discourse generates the kind of behaviour in regard to the mode of nuisance (Pascoe, 2011).
Institutional reflexivity refers to influence of institutions to overemphasize sex disparities. Boys and girls are generally differentiated through various forms such as clothing, mannerisms and the different portrayal of emotions, together with different regulations in togetherness and customs. They also tend to have different understandings to basic raw facts on educational matters. This brings a conclusion that gender display is what forms the major difference between male and female. Display being the outward portrayal of one.
Berger and Luckmann states that in gender display, people feel normal in a mind perception that they are complete without much sweat because taken for the sake of sex is a commodity of interaction not efficient normality (23). Sexual disparities are due to the processes of togetherness where each sex turns out to be a training tool for the other.
According to Goffmann, gender is our major aspect of our being, and also the capability to know how to practice and realize masculinity and feminity. He closely relates river high to its operations as a normal portrayal of vitality to put women to their place of social setting and to back an understanding that there is an underneath truth to gender. Order is vital to that conception. Hence, sex itself is a commodity of scenery that rubs off shoulders on itself and not a reason of it. People tend to define sexual groupings in their own formats and styles (Goffman, 2002). This leads people to take them for granted other than asking relevant questions on these matters and finding absolute and accurate solutions to them.
Compulsive heterosexuality refers to the customs, accepted regularities and institutional activities that hold natural perceptions that there are only two genders. Moreover, sexual attractiveness between male and female is normally considered as being legal. Sex is usually brought upon or concluded by biological criteria, and regarded by the augmentation of a persons mannerisms in regard to moral expectations of sex groupings.
Domination is an important aspect in heterosexuality, since it assists individuals to know the identification that relies on gender portrayal and to more often to the achievable of optimistic results .On the basis of gender rituals of touch, girls are more vulnerable when it comes to this in every societal structure. They have certain biological characteristics that are a major distinction from men. A good example is breastfeeding kids and menstruation. Due to these factors, of nature, they seem to pose a great aspect with regard to gender rituals of touch.
Girls often use a polite language when talking about their relationships and feelings unlike boys who tend to use mean language (William, 1994). In school fields, they play less compared to the boys and often take part in less tasking games. They are tend to be fragile and will always avoid being hurt especially during games. They are also experts in when it comes to identifying other peoples seen characteristics for example mode of dressing. They are good in talking about it and coming up with possible judgements concerning the subject.
Girls are always good in sharing inner secrets and feelings, and this tends to relieve stress among them. They are more attentive in creating intimacy and talking about relationships among themselves. This enables them to identify if various boys are suitable for them or not. When it comes to physical touch, they are very sensitive since they will avoid certain areas which are considered illegal.
This paper has provided adequate information on the various aspects of Hegemonic Masculinity in men and how it relates to other aspects in life in terms of peoples perception and reality. In addition, this paper has provided comprehensive information of the meaning of fag and how it is described with regard to diverse aspects. To acquire authoritative information on the subject matter, this paper has adopted the works of Goffman and Pascoe's Dude
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Gilmore, D. D. (1990). Manhood in the making: Cultural concepts of masculinity. New
Haven, Conn: Yale University Press.
Goffman, E. (2002). The Arrangement between the Sexes. Theory and Society, 4,
3, 301-331Top of Form
Laurel, R D, (1997), Hegemonic masculinity. Albany: State university of New York press.
Pascoe, C.J. (2011). Dude, You're a Fag: Masculinity and Sexualiy in High School.
University of California Press. Bottom of Form
William, H M, (1994), Heterosexuality. New York: Harper Collins.
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