Psychological Testing (Projective Testing Module)
Psychological Testing (Projective Testing Module)
The latest edition of Gary Groth-Marnets Handbook of Psychological Assessment has been used by many people in the world today. This book provides coverage of most utilized assessment tools and has been modernized to include new sources and cover experiments that are increasing in popularity, for instance, brief assessment tools. Handbook of Psychological Assessment also offers guidance on the most useful methods for administering and selecting tests. It has also been used to interpret assessment information, and how to incorporate experiment scores and widen treatment strategies, as well as training on methods how to write useful, client-orientated, problem-solving psychological articles.
Assessment involves the collection of data in order to identify, evaluate, analyze, and address the issues, problems, and circumstances of customers in the counseling relationship. On the other hand, testing is the process of measurement of psychological constructs via procedures or instruments. Moreover, assessing and testing are a vital element in counseling and psychological field (Groth-Marnet, 2009). This is because it will help in diagnosing the patient. Not all problems can be noted through physical checks only. There are many inner problems that need to be tested in a patient so as to be able to diagnose him or her. Assessment also can aid in gauging the effectiveness of treatment. This will assist to know how the patient is progressing in his or her treatments and whether changes may be made. Gathering data from different sources assists in understanding a client and his or her presenting concerns. Testing and assessment are terms that in many ways interchange, and thus they go hand in hand. Testing, therefore, is a part of assessment, and both should be undertaken in order to ensure that there are accurate results in a client.
As it was mentioned above, testing is the process of measurement of psychological constructs via procedures or instruments. Interviewing is a conversation in which two or more people involved in some questions asked by the interviewer to elicit statements or facts from the interviewee. From my point of view, testing is more vital than interviewing in the medical field. Since when it comes to interviewing a person, he or she may not be able to offer the correct information of his or her feelings. At the same time, some of the symptoms take time to emerge, and, therefore, a patient may give incorrect information and get poor treatment. Testing is helpful in a daily examination so as to identify changes in an individuals health after or before the symptoms appear. Testing also helps in offering practitioner with data that can help to restrict down possible diagnosis when an individual already has symptoms. Unlike interviewing a person, testing will also assist to plan a patients treatment, monitor the course of the disease, and evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment. With all these benefits of testing, I would recommend tests for patients rather than just interviewing them.
However, testing has some limitations. Some tests may be inaccurate for a number of reasons. Individuals giving responses on the tests may give false information thus obtain fake answers and poor treatment. Emotional and cognitive responses may be misinterpreted resulting in errors. This limitation may cause inaccurate test outcome and compromise the legitimacy of the test. Precaution should be taken to avoid errors that can be obtained from people performing the tests so as to eliminate errors.
On the other hand, test findings can be used to develop treatment plans. The practitioner can use the tests to determine the symptoms in a patients body. He thus will diagnose the patient by use of the test findings to give the appropriate medicine required. Test findings will also help to determine routine treatment. This will help the practitioner to observe the changes a patient has and be able to give the best prescription as per the changes. In my opinion, most tests always offer positive results about a patient.
It is true that every clinical interview in a psychological examination is a test. Psychological examination is an objective and a regular measure of a persons behavioral or mental characteristics. It is evident that there are a number of diseases that a person can get through inheriting from his family tree (Groth-Marnet, 2009). These are diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and epilepsy. These diseases can affect the psychology of a client hence bringing alongside mental and psychological suffering. The scientific test that can be used to determine some of these diseases is too expensive and in most cases not available. However, a physician can be able to detect the chances of a client who is affected by these diseases through enquiring about the family background of the patient.
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Stress is another challenge that affects most of the patients psychologically. In many cases, a patient does not realize that he or she is under stress, but a keen interview, an interviewer can be able to understand his or her position. This proofs that every psychological interview is a test since it offers more information about the patient. It also offers some information that directs a physician on the possible sources of suffering, especially on the cases where psychological suffering and genetically inheritance is concerned.
The knowledge of projective testing and psychological assessment will help me become successful in my career. Consequently, I will be able to determine the real source of a problem in cases where the two methods of identifying the source of problem are concerned. Some diseases cannot be realized through the use of projective testing. In this case, psychological assessment will assist me in handling the case in a professional way. A good example when both testing methods are essential is when handling a patient who is suffering from hypertension.