According to Sigmund Freud, sublimation is a psychological process people undergo as they try to suppress inner desires so that they can be accepted in the society. Freud describes sublimation as the eccentric change from suppression and defeat to civilized behavior. In his view, Freud believes that human beings are selfish and fundamentally antisocial. They develop primary ties that bind them with the social community that includes their families, parents and friends. The binding occurs naturally as human beings grow (Freud, 1922). However, human beings subconsciously go through sublimation as their personalities advance. They start breaking the primary ties that they had when they were developing. They sublimate as they try to reconcile with the reality (Eileen, 1996). Freud points out that the sublimation process is motivated by individuals selfish desires. The individual carries out certain activities with an aim of gaining experiences or products that he desires. The current President and Deputy President of Kenya went through the process of sublimation before the 2013 general elections and managed to beat the other candidates despite their pending human rights cases in the International Criminal Court (Donald, 2009).
In 2007, Kenya went through one of her hardest times in history. After the 2007 presidential general elections were publicized, Kenyans started butchering each other. People who have been neighbors for many years became immediate enemies and started to kill each other. The whole country turned into wars. People rooted businesses and stole from their neighbors. Politicians were nowhere to be seen. No one could expect the country ever turn out to be such a hostile place to be. For many years, Kenya had been one of the most peaceful countries in the world. However, the 2007 general elections painted a new picture of a violent and cruel Kenya. The country was in turmoil for several days. Kenyans ended year 2007 with tears and welcomed 2008 with regrets. There was violence everywhere in the country. People claimed that elections had been rigged and that there were too many injustices in the country for them to bear.
However, the 2007-2008 post violence elections were planned earlier before the elections. There is a group of politicians who had planned to eliminate members who supported their political rivals. Therefore, whoever was to win the elections, violence would still be there. The largest tribe in Kenya, the Kikuyu, was the target. Rival politicians had planned to eliminate the Kikuyus who are spread in all parts of the country. The Kikuyu live in central Kenya but have spread to other regions for business and greener pastures. Being the largest and the most industrious tribe in the country, the other tribes are jealous. They claim that the Kikuyus have taken advantage of their numbers and industrious nature to steal land and other resources from them. Therefore, 41 tribes in the country were against one. The Kikuyus were killed and forced to migrate.
After the 2007/2008 post-election violence that claimed more than 1000 lives, the international criminal court had to intervene to administer justice to the victims. The United Nations sent Ocampo to Kenya to investigate the persons behind the violence. They had to be tried in the International Criminal Court and judged accordingly. Ocampos investigation revealed that there were six persons behind the violence. Among the six people, the ICC eliminated three people and three were left. The three are Uhuru Kenyatta, William Ruto and Joshua Sang. The three have cases to answer against humanity. They are prosecuted for committing cases against humanity during the 2007/2008 post-election violence. Mr. Ruto and Sang are charged against mobilizing and funding their people to fight foreign tribe, that is, the Kikuyus in their Rift Valley region. On the other hand, Kenyatta is charged for funding a group of Kikuyus to come and revenge for what their people had gone through. The prosecutor claims that Kenyatta hired young men from central Kenya to come to Rift Valley and kill those who had killed their people.
After five years of struggle as Kenyans try to heal the wounds of the previous elections, it was another time to go back to the ballot box. Surprisingly, the International Criminal Court suspects had not been evicted. Therefore, even the suspects had a chance to vie for the presidency. Kenyans could not expect Kenyatta and Ruto to be candidates. Unexpectedly, Kenyatta and Ruto formed an alliance and named it the Jubilee Alliance. Despite the fact that they came from the two tribes that had fought so much during the previous elections, the two convinced their tribesmen to vote for them. The campaigned against tribalism and wooed the two tribes act as neighbors again. To the eyes of most Kenyans and the other potential candidates, it was practically impossible for the Jubilee Alliance to win the elections.
Astonishingly, the International Criminal Court suspects went through the sublimation process and managed to convince more than a half of Kenyans to vote for them. They defeated the other presidential candidates despite the fact that Kenyans knew that they were suspects. They did that for their selfish desires to become powerful and be able to influence judgment. They knew that they would convince the African Union and other leaders to have the case against them postponed or dropped forever. They were elected into power and immediately started influencing African leaders and those from the East to support the drop of their case. They have managed to convince the world that they are innocent so that they can be accepted back in the society and play clean.
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