In the book Garbology: Our Dirty Love Affair with Trash, Edward Humes presents the solution of the garbage problem and it is based at the effort of individuals to reduce the amount of wastes. According to Humes some of individuals decreased the utilization of plastic because it can stop the plastization of oceans. Another one tries to start bussines activities as Chico-Bag and TerraCycle. Moreover, Edward Humes composes a set of practical steps with the help of which, individuals can reduce the negative human impact on the environment. It is necessary to specify these steps, and they are: refuse, stop buying bottled water, buy wisely, buy less, buy used and refurbished, no plastic grocery bags and stop buying bottled water. However, it is hard to agree with his opinion completely, because the only effective strategy to overcome this problem is cooperation of small business, individuals and of course industry.
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In his book Edward Humes deals with the problem of landfills, which in my opinion are on of the most important and dangerous way of waste disposal. I want to propose examine this problem and review the methods of its overcoming. Landfills have a negative impact on a surrounding medium and all its components, for example soil, forests, flora and fauna, air and groundwater (Worrell & Vessilind 104). Moreover, the value of policy of waste management is defined by a constant increase in the waste quantity and the cost of its collection, storage, processing, and disposal. In the 20th century, the Municipal Solid Waste Management System was faced with the problem of the municipal solid waste accumulation and disposal both in the local landfills and open dumps. Since 1960s the society was worried about the so-called waste crisis and the local North American governments had to remove local landfills and create new ones, which would correspond to the criteria of contaminants storage.
However, since the 2000s, the amount of garbage has been constantly growing, and the concentration of toxic components is increasing, and government has to update the process of reduction. The government applied reuse strategies, materials recycling and composting, and incineration approach to deal with this problem.
The government provides incentives for waste recycling, which include credit and tax privileges, and also accelerated depreciation of the fixed capital intended for recycling. The main tools of waste disposal regulation are limits and payments. The government authorizes waste burial, allocating special places for this purpose (Worrell & Vessilind 342). The regulation of waste disposal involves application of various technologies, subsidies, credit, and tax privileges.
Landfills are relatively inexpensive means of waste disposal, they are widespread nowadays. Due to the fact that the amount of waste increases day by day, the landfills become increasingly common. The improved environmental practice and engineering design of landfill maintenance and construction have also increased the life and capacity of many already existing landfills.
It is important to reduce the level of danger from the landfills, so the sanitary landfills were made. Sanitary landfill is a predesigned ditch which is constantly covered with the six inch layer of soil making it sanitary. These layers of soil prevent birds, rodents, or insects from reaching the waste. Sanitary landfills are legally permitted and are licensed. Their impact on the environment and ecology is minimal (Worrell & Vessilind 143). Burial of waste can provide safe and economically efficient disposal of solid municipal waste. Successful disposal of solid municipal waste depends on the adequate financing, relevant legislation, and governmental support.
Accept the landfills, there are another effective ways of garbage disposal, among them are waste reduction, reuse and recycling. In my opinion they are more effective that landfills and people can turn garbage into advantage with their help.
Worrell, A., William. & Vessilind, P., Aarne. Solid Waste Engineering. Stamford: Cengage Learning, 2012. Print.
In the book Solid Waste Engineering, Worrell and Vessilind discuss the problem of solid waste disposal. Authors describe the issue of controlling the garbage, and its rational utilization. This book is divided in nine chapters. Within the book authors address to the questions of reuse, reduction, recycling, recovery, disposal of waste in landfills and energy conversion and explain how to apply them in the real world. Moreover, they engage municipal characteristics and quantities of solid waste, and describe the process of garbage collection and its separation. Also, Worrell and Vessilind explain biochemical processes and their impact at the environment. This book can be useful for the students of graduate or advanced course and helps to think logically about the solutions and problems in solid waste engineering.