Running head: COMMUNICATION 1






Communication Some of the important sources of information in life are our five senses, which actively structure our knowledge about what is going on in the world. One of the simple ways to explain this phenomenon is that there are elementary methods, in which the human consciousness controls the information between our minds and the outside world. The way the human senses are actively involved in being aware of the surrounding, is known as perception. The given paper will be of help due to the fact that knowledge is based on perpetual experience. Frailty, when it comes to perception, plays a key role in many areas of subject matter, such as the cases when there is a need to test how valid a source is. The mind chooses the information that it wants, organizes it, and then interprets it. Perception involves the following steps: selecting the information to create a perception on, sorting out the information, and interpreting data from the environment. The expression of the observers perception is largely affected by the environment they dwell in. It is the reason that it is most suitable to get them to seclusion, when getting their perception. It is due to the fact that they might respond differently, depending on who is on their site, which might include children, friends or work mates. The latter will be explained to the observers of the photo, so as to get them to understand why they have to be in seclusion when their perception is needed. The last action in the process will be to dive deeply into what the observers have to say, when it comes to the expression of their perception about the photo that is presented to them, and thereafter analyze their perceptions on different levels. The first step in getting the perception of the volunteers is to explain the process of perception development. The mechanism of perception is a sequel of steps that first begins with the surrounding environment that leads to the perception of stimulus, as well as action in reply to the stimulus. The process of development of the stimulus is continuous; however, it is not a great deal if time is spent on thinking about the process that usually takes place when it comes to thoughts about the actual processes that are in the surrounding at any moment. Apart from that explanation, another one will be given to the volunteer, but it is not about the psychological process, but more of the biological one. A brief clarification of how a perception is formed will be provided to the volunteer. Therefore, they will get to understand how the development of the perception process occurs in biological terms; they will then figure out how the process of light transformation falls on the retina, occurs into an actual image, which is not something that one experiences, but rather something that appears automatically and unconsciously. While getting the volunteers perception, it is vital for it to be more of a quiet place rather than crowded one, with other possible distracting factors. It is important to get a better perception out of the volunteer, and to make sure that the main focus of their attention is on the picture (Dobkin, 2003, p. 66). One of the volunteers is a co-worker and a close friend of mine, about the same age as me, who has a positive attitude about life and whatever comes his way, described the man on the photo as simple. The second volunteer was my mother, who is in her 40s, and is a business person with a nothing is impossible general attitude in life, described the man on the photo as simply tall. The third volunteer in my list was a close friend of my age, who is unemployed, and has a life is what you make it attitude, described the man on the photo as old. In the process of sorting the terms that are to be used are; simple, tall, and old. The second step in the process is organizing the gathered terms, which are personal constructs, normative biases, and perceptual shifts respectively. Interpretations can now be assigned to the expressed perceptions, and they are correspondingly, assigning attributions, biases in attributions and context. In assigning attributions, the first volunteer appoints ascription to the picture in that they express what they first encounter in relation to the posture of the person, as well as what they seem to be thinking, and to a further extent, if they spoke, what they would have said. The second perception is an attribution bias in that it refers to systematic errors, made when a person is trying to find a reason to explain what they have seen or just heard, which do not always represent the reality. In this case, it is made to an extent due to the relationship that exists between the person asking the question and the person being asked the question. The last perception is a context effect, which can be explained in the sense that the perception of stimulus can be affected by environmental factors, as well as what we see in that the third volunteer, who describes the man, based on the top to the bottom design of what they see (Dobkin, 2003, p. 86).

In conclusion, it can be stated that information is interpreted so as to create a meaning for an individual, to a large extent based on each and every persons unique background, as well as their unique make up. The perception is the part that processes the understanding of visual images, which largely depend on the elements of design.

References Dobkin, B. A., & Pace, R. C. (2003). Communicating in a changing world. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.

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