Health Care Providing
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1. Analysis of The Jewish Question
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Karl Marx in his work The Jewish Question considers Judaism as a great threat to humanistic society. He stressed not on the religious reflection of Judaism, like traditions and the Sabbath. Karl Marx paid attention of the nature of common Jewish and such their characteristics as aspiration to find a practical need from every event and process; self-interest and egoism; prevailed nature over the other members of the society; huckstering and adoration of power of money. In the work The Jewish Question it is mentioned that political state takes as a background Christian learnings, because this religious conception is based on humanism. So, the opposition of Judaism and Christian state is based not on different religious visions, but on countering of practical need and egoism against humanity.
This work of Karl Marx can be also related to the issue of Judaism in the process of providing healthcare. Healthcare implies taking care and helping other individuals. Of course, healthcare providers receive salary for their job. However, the nature of this work is based on the understanding that human health and life are of the paramount importance and in the highest consideration. So, healthcare providers should extol the life of other people.
As it was mentioned above, the character of Judaism puts of the major place practical need and power of money. These values can be placed above the lives of other individuals. So, effective and humanistic healthcare providing can not be joined with these Jewish principles. Also, this idea is reflected in the tem of liberalism. Karl Marx described liberty as a power which man has to do everything which does not harms the rights of others. The Jewish by striving to gain more profit can harm other people by not providing effective and timely treatment or requesting high prepayment. That means that they cause harm to others and break principles of liberty (violate security).While security is one of the paramount concepts of civil society. So, the principles of Judaism put in jeopardy the whole society and the state.
Moreover, Karl Marx, covering the issue of Jewish emancipation, stated that any group of people can emancipate only itself, but not the others. So, the emancipation of Jewish is based on their extinguish feature of prevailing themselves over the people of other religions and over the citizens of the country where they live. So, Jewish by themselves create this separation and only they could destroy it by refusal from their idiosyncrasy. Once again I would like to make a stress that Karl Marx did not cover religious conception of Judaism. His ideas are based on such natural characteristics of the Jewish as egoism and practical need.
2. Analysis of The Elementary Forms of Religious Life
The essential ideas of scientific knowledge do not always can be checked on practice. Moreover, in the very beginning some of the scientists even have no any vision how to display their ideas. Such vision may come after numerous investigations and researches. On some matter the religious origin has some similar characteristics. It represents a group of collective ideas transformed into a form of collective representation, butnot aleays confirmed on practice by each insider. This transformation is performed by a certain group of people through their experience. The formation of concept may take considerable time.
It is notable that both scientific knowledge and religious concepts are formed by group of people, but not particular individuals. Such characteristic is based on the understanding that group of people has more general and impersonal and dry light on events. They have an ability to obtain more experience due to longer period of time. Their visions are less susceptible to any fleeting and little marked changes. Moreover, only a group of people can obtain an experience of long - term interaction. The experience of one particular person can not provide the understanding of the general processes. Hence, both essential ideas of social knowledge and religion can be generated only by a group. In the same time established collective formations and concepts (usually presented by religious perceptions) have a great influence on embracement of science, because the value of science is influenced by collectively formed ideas concerning the role of particular event in our life.
Health and healthcare providing involves interaction between patients, between doctors, between doctor and patient and etc. The understanding of the way of proper interaction is based concepts obtained from a long term practical experience of a group of people. It is notable that these concepts provide only the general vision how the person should interact with others. Each individual applies these ideas and concepts (both scientific and social) through the terms of his or her own vision and experience.
3. Analysis of Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844
Karl Marx in his work Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 stated that alienation of labor has a direct connection with the nature of working process. By creating a commodity that can be expropriates and not owned by the worker, the worker alienates himself and his labour form the society. Moreover the worker himself becomes a commodity. However, unlike manufactured goods, workers being a commodity that have their own needs which should be covered in order to support their life and prevent from dying. Such support is provided by payment wages to workers. So, worker needs to work for obtaining an ability to cover his needs. As per Karl Marx and his Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 184, without work there will be no worker.
The health care providing has the same origin. Without the object of treatment, there can be no health care providing, and no health care providers. The object of treatment is represented by patient. Health care providing is considered to be a process of rendering health care services (or treatment). Health care providers act as workers. These workers obtain wage for their work.
It is notable, that in his work Karl Marx stated that a price of worker and his labour as a commodity has an inverse relation to an amount ad cost of performed work. That means that the increasing of amount of patients which obtained treatment leads to decreasing the value of health care providers and their treatment. Every capitalistic society tends to increase the amount of gained interest in the same time by decreasing the amount of expenses necessary for obtaining this interest. So, the main aim of current health care providing is to increase the efficiency of treatment and the amount of patients by decreasing the expenses on health care providing.
4. Analysis of The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
Max Weber in his work The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism pays much attention to such concept of Protestantism as calling. Obtaining profession and further work as per personal calling became the task set by the God in this form of religion. Capitalism made this understanding more orientated on acquisition of money.
People earned money not for covering their needs, meeting universal goals (mutual aid, help and etc.) or satisfaction of their wishes. Some of them even live in modesty and ascetic manner. People earned money just for acquisition of money. The work became the main principle of human life. So, they perform their job just for work itself. The protestant idea of calling being strengthened by capitalistic vision displaces any human feelings and intends from peoples life. Nowadays this is reflected on all sides of social life, including health care providing.
Often health care providers are so sold on idea of performing of their celestial calling forget about the main aim of health care providers treatment and providing relief to distressed individuals. They pin faces on that their primary functions are reflected in performance of their work in the quickest manner, in mastering their skills, in earning money or anything else. Most of these functions have nothing in common with humanism and providing aid.
Moreover, nowadays the work of health care providers becomes more connected with the management. On the one hand it is made for increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of treatment of patients. However, on the other hand, management as a reflection of capitalistic regime, enables performing the observation over the work of health care providers. Often managers have nothing common with treatment. They just manage treatment processes, i.e. intend to increase amount of treated patients with decreasing the amount of expenses and by saving time on treatment of each patient.