Some of the important sources of information in our lives are our five senses which are actively structuring our knowledge about what is going on in the world in an active manner rather than passive. One of the simple ways to explain this phenomenon is that there are simple ways in which the human mind controls the information between our minds and the outside world. The way that the human senses are actively involved in being aware of the surrounding is known as perception. This paper will be of help when due to the fact that knowledge is based on perpetual experience. Frailty when it comes to perception plays a big role in many areas of subject matter such as when a need arises to test how valid a source is. The mind chooses the information that it wants to and it organizes it then interprets it. Perception involves some steps that include; selecting the information to create a perception on, sorting out the information and interpreting the data from the environment. The expression of the perception by the observers is largely affected by the environment that they are in which is the reason that it is most suitable to get them to seclusion when getting their perception due to the fact that they might respond differently depending on who is on the site which might be children or friends or work mates. The latter will be explained to the observers of the photo so as to get them to understand why they have to be in seclusion when their perception is needed. The last process in the process will be to dive deep into what the observers have to say when it comes to the expression of their perception about the photo that is presented to them and thereafter analyze their perceptions on different levels.
The first step in getting the perception of the volunteers is to explain the process of perception development. The process of perception is a sequel of steps that first begins with the surrounding environment that leads to the perception of stimulus as well as action in reply to the stimulus. The process of development of the stimulus is continous but not a great deal if time is spent on time thinking about the process that usually takes place when it comes to the thoughts about the actual process that are in the surrounding at any moment. Apart from that explanation another one will be given to the volunteer but it is not about the psychological process but more of the biological one. A brief explanation of how a perception is formed will be explained to the volunteer where they will get to understand how the development of the perception process occurs in biological terms in that they will get to understand how the process of light transformation after it falls on the retina occurs into an actual image which is not something that one experiences but rather one that occurs automatically and unconsciously. It is vital when getting the perception of the volunteer, for it to be more of a quiet place rather than one with people as well as other distractions so as to get a better perception out of the volunteer so as to make the picture that attended stimulus in that it is the main focus that their attention is on (Dobkin, 2003,p 66).
One of the volunteers who is a co-worker and a close friend about the same age as me who has a positive attitude about life and whatever comes his way described the man in the photo as simple. The second volunteer was my mother who is in her 40s and is a business person with a, nothing is impossible general attitude in life described the man in the photo as simply tall. The third volunteer in my list was a close friend of my age who has no job and has a life is what you make it attitude described the man in the photo as simply old.
In the process of sorting the terms that are to be used are; simple, tall and old. The second step in the process is organizing the gathered terms which are, personal constructs, normative biases and perceptual shifts respectively. Interpretations can be now be assigned to the expressed perceptions and they are respectively, assigning attributions , biases in attributions and context. In assigning attributions, the first volunteer assigns attribution to the picture in that they express what they first encounter in relation to the posture of the person as well what they seem to be thinking and to a further extent if they spoke, what they would have said. The second is perception is an attribution bias in that it refers to systematic errors that are made when a person is trying to find a reason to explain what they have seen or just heard which do not always represent the reality and in this case made to an extent due to the relationship that exists between the person asking the question and the person being asked the question. The last perception is a context effect which can be explained in the sense that the perception of stimulus can be affected by environmental factors as well as what we see in that the third volunteer describes the man they see in the photo based on the top to the bottom design of what they see (Dobkin, 2003, p 86).
A conclusion can be arrived at that how information is interpreted so as to create a meaning for an individual is to a large extent based on each and every persons unique background as well as their unique make up and that perception is the part that processes the understanding of visual images which largely depend on the elements of design.