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Hybrid Car vs Gasoline Car

Introduction

Thanks to the civilization, people have benefitted from the inventors. Since the inventions make people’s life easier, and happier, our life is satisfied. Things like phones, paper, and light play a big part in today’s world, and people cannot live without these undoubtedly. Apart from this, transportation is one of the most helpful inventions. In the past, people used animals such as horses and camels as their transportation. However, the speed could not satisfy people’s needs for longer distances. After experiencing a long transformation of vehicle, finally the first car was invented in 1886. The use of cars has rapidly increased in past decades.

Everyone needs a car. Especially in some big countries like China and America, the need for cars is very demanding because these countries owe bigger land. The distance between one’s destination and departure is relatively more time consuming. Taking the example of the United States, it has the biggest car market in the world, and a lot of cars are released every year. People can choose luxury or affordable cars according to their budget. People may need to think about the environment, convenience and efficiency when they buy a car. Among all cars in the vehicle market, hybrid car is the one which satisfied those options.

Body

Hybrid car is an environmental friendly car. Compared to a normal gasoline car, a hybrid car has a smaller engine designed to improve efficiency and hence reduce emission. A study conducted by the United State Department of Energy established that a hybrid car manufactured in 2007 consumes 263.2 gallons of gas for every 10,000 miles covered. This is significantly less compared to a gasoline car manufactured in the same year, which consumes 344.8 gallons of gasoline per 10,000 miles covered. The report further indicated that a hybrid car emits 158 grams of carbon dioxide lesser than a conventional car, which emits 452 grams (Markel, 12). Carbon dioxide is a major greenhouse gas whose environmental implications are dire. In particular, increased emission of the toxic gas has led to depletion of the ozone layer, and hence global warming. Global warming, on the other hand, has led to the rise in sea-levels as well as changes in climatic conditions characterized by floods. The need to contain the level of the pollutant in the environment led to the signing of the Kyoto Protocol as a commitment of different governments to try and contain its emission (Baumann, 7). Emergences of hybrid vehicles help reduce the amount reduced. Given the historical consumption rate of gasoline, especially in the early 21st century, International Energy Agency estimates that the fuel reserve will not last for long. As a result, alternative source of energy is inevitable lest the delicate ecosystem may get damaged and the ripple effects may reduce the worlds’ capacity to support life. As such, low gasoline consumption and emission of carbon dioxide can be achieved by use of hybrid vehicles (Healey, 35).

Use of hybrid vehicles is also efficient. The electric motor found in electric vehicle acts as a hybrid’s generator. The batteries are used to provide power during acceleration, and by use of a hybrid, energy is restored back to batteries during decelerations. The electric motors receive power from batteries and in return help reduce consumption of gasoline. Also, the gasoline engine in hybrid vehicles shuts off immediately, the vehicle stops and turns on automatically once the accelerator pedal is stepped on (Miller, 28). As such, combining electric motors with gasoline engine results to efficient use of energy, and more so, when compared with gasoline powered vehicles. On average, a hybrid car saves 30 miles for every gallon used. Specifically, Camry Hybrid covers 199 miles more for every tank of gas compared to Toyota Camry, hence saving around $600 on fuel annually. Owing to the social benefits derived from hybrid vehicles, the U.S. government has in the past provided tax incentives to manufacturers that are passed on to the buyers as a way of encouraging their use. For instance, a tax credit of $3,400 was provided to all the buyers of hybrid vehicles bought from Jan. 1st, 2006 till Feb. 28th, 2010. However, the amount of tax credit offered depends on fuel efficiency compared to gasoline vehicle with the same class of weight but manufactured in 2002, and also the amount of gasoline saved over the lifetime of a hybrid car compared to a conventional car. Insurance companies also provide cheaper insurances quotations to hybrid vehicles’ owners. Compared to different models of luxury gasoline vehicle, hybrid vehicle may be cheaper than gasoline vehicles (Replacing Gasoline, 18).

Use of hybrid vehicle is also convenient. As observed, the consumption rate by the gasoline engine is lower than that of a gasoline vehicle. As a result, the vehicle may not require much to visit gas stations that often. This saves on time, and inconveniences that result from unexpected fuel completion by a vehicle (Husain, 16). Further, the consumption rate provides a hedge to users against fuel shortages in the market. The Electric-Vehicle Charging Stations (EVCS) are considered eco-friendly and hence can easily be started. Further, EVCS occupies small spaces, and this can be developed within public places such as schools, and hence ease of access. In addition, hybrid vehicles and EVCS are quieter than gasoline ones. This means that they are not public nuisances when used in public places; they are eco-friendly and therefore may be allowed to park in many places, as opposed to gasoline vehicles that mainly use flammable and explosive liquids and as well pollutes the environment.

Counter Argument

Although hybrid vehicles reduce the amount of carbon dioxide, the reality of the matter remains that they contribute the ozone gases. Further, the power required to charge hybrid cars is mainly developed from coal plants. In essence, the plants emit more emission and hence it results in the same pollution that we would be interested in reducing. Further, production of an electric or hybrid vehicle requires more energy compared to a similar conventional vehicle, hence resulting in resources constraints (Healey, 43). This, though, may be addressed through technological advancement. With regard to economic efficiency, the initial price of hybrid vehicles considerably exceeds that of gasoline vehicles. The difference in initial cost range from $5,000 to $10,000, and therefore it is out of reach to many despite their ‘green concerns’. The dual compulsion system in hybrid vehicles leads to complex repairing process and hence it is costly to maintain. In particular, some mechanics may lack the equipment or skills required to fix problems experienced with hybrid vehicles. The weight resulting from batteries may lead to a regular replacement of brakes and tires. Convenience associated with charging centers may be countered by the regular demand of such services and hence reduced supply. Also, the hedge provided by low fuel consumption does not provide a reliable solution against fuel market dynamics. The fact that hybrid vehicles are eco-friendly may not means accessibility to all areas that may be used for parking due to flammable fuel used.

Conclusion

In conclusion, hybrid vehicle represents an innovation made with current environmental challenges in mind. However, production and coal plants used in batteries’ charging are counter-productive. Although they are economical in fuel consumption, the initial and maintenance cost are formidable. Generally speaking, convenience, efficiency and the ‘green’ aspect of using hybrid vehicles make them more suitable over gasoline vehicle.

Works Cited

  1. Christian, Baumann. Kyoto Protocol. S.l.: Grin Verlag Ohg, 2010. Print.
  2. Husain, Iqbal. Electric and Hybrid Vehicles: Design Fundamentals. Boca Raton, Fla: CRC Press, 2003. Print.
  3. Healey, Justin. Greenhouse Pollution. Thirroul, N.S.W: Spinney Press, 2007. Print.
  4. Markel, A J. Energy Storage Fuel Cell Vehicle Analysis: Preprint. Golden, Colo: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2005. Web.
  5. Miller, John M. Propulsion Systems for Hybrid Vehicles. Stevenage: Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2010. Web.
  6. Replacing Gasoline: Alternative Fuels for Light-Duty Vehicles. Washington, D.C: Congress of  the U.S., Office of Technology Assessment, 1990. Print.

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